Festivals of Bangladesh Composition : Festivals refer to a day or period of the year when people stop working to celebrate a special event. Festivals are common to all societies and cultures. Most festivals of Bangladesh have the stamp of religion. Besides, there are some festivals in Bangladesh that are related to community, nationality and politics.
Religious festivals of Bangladesh :
Muslim festivals : The two main religious festivals of the Muslims of Bangladesh are Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha. Eid-ul-Fitr is observed after the fasting of the month of Ramadan. On Eid-ul-Azha people sacrifice animals for the satisfaction of Almighty. Like all other social festivals , Eids return every year. Observance of Muharram is another popular Muslim festival of Bangladesh.
Hindu festivals : The biggest religious festival of Hindu community in Bangladesh is Durgapuja. Usually on the sixth lunar day of the bright fortnight in the Bengali month of Aswin, the ceremonial awakening of goddess Durga takes place. Thereafter puja is performed for three days and then on the tenth day the immersion of the image of Durga is held. Lakshi puja, Saraswati puja, Kali puja,Manasha puja, Janmastami etc. are some other popular festivals of the Hindu community in Bangladesh.
Christian festivals : Christmas Day and Ester sun Day are the main Christian festivals that are ostentatiously observed in Bangladesh.
Buddhist festival : For more than one thousand years, the Buddhist community of this region has been celebrating Buddha Purnima or Baishakhi Purnima with great splendour . This festival is celebrated in the memory or the birth of Buddha, his adoption of asceticism and attainment of supreme enlightenment.
Other festivals of Bangladesh : The Martyrs’ Day, the Independence Day and the Victory Day are the national days of Bangladesh. Every year these days are observed with great festivities. Birth anniversaries of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam have also turned into common cultural festivals of our country. Bizu festival, held in Chaitra-the last month of Bengali year, is a significant festival of the Chakma community of Bangladesh. However, a festival common to all classes of people and celebrated nationally with much grandeur is the observance of the New year’s Day (Pahela Baishakh). Barsha Baran (on the first day of rainy season), Basanta Baran (on the first day of spring), Nabanna Utshob (Harvest festival) etc. are sonic other common festivals of Bangladesh.
Conclusion : Bangladesh is a country of festivals. There goes a popular saying-Baro mashe tero parbon”- (Thirteen festivals in twelve months). This symbolizes the large number of festivals in our country. With the change of social and economic structures, the nature of festivals also changes. But some festivals are so deeply rooted in the social organism that they continue to entertain us from generation to generation.
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